In a historic moment for climate action, four major developing nations submitted their commitments to greenhouse gas emissions reduction – called “Intended Nationally Determined Contributions” or “INDCs” – to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) this week.
Brazil, South Africa, the Philippines, and India all have come forward with a plan to reduce or slow their greenhouse gas emissions beginning in 2020, thereby committing to low-carbon development pathways as we approach the UN climate negotiations in Paris beginning this November. The Climate Reality Project operates branches in each of these countries, where our Road to Paris campaigns have been making the case for strong commitments.
While the INDCs’ ambition levels vary, Brazil’s commitment to keep emissions 37 percent below 2005 levels by 2025 makes the South American nation the first major developing country to put forth an absolute emissions reduction plan.
In addition, both India and Brazil put forth renewable energy targets, with India reaffirming its commitment to developing 175 GW of new, renewable energy by 2022. These pledges will not only clean our air worldwide, but also provide opportunities for poverty alleviation, energy access, and green jobs in the four nations.
The Climate Reality Project welcomes the INDCs from Brazil, South Africa, the Philippines, and India, but recognizes that there is always room for nations to boost their ambition by submitting unconditional commitments and increasing the specificity of existing pledges. We will continue to work towards establishing the legal and financial tools in the Paris agreement that will help developing nations to do so.
Add your name to the call for climate action at Paris by signing the Road to Paris petition here.